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Graphene Nanosheets to Improve Physico-Mechanical Properties of Bioactive Calcium Silicate Cements

TitleGraphene Nanosheets to Improve Physico-Mechanical Properties of Bioactive Calcium Silicate Cements
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsDubey, Nileshkumar, Rajan Sneha Sundar, Dal Bello Yuri, San Min Kyung-, and Rosa Vinicius
JournalMaterials
Volume10
Pagination606
Date Published06/2017
ISSN1996-1944
KeywordsBiodentine, Carbon nanotubes, Dental pulp stem cells, Differentiation, end filling materials, endodontic surgery, graphene, mineral trioxide aggregate, mta, out bond strength, oxide, push-out bond strength, stem-cells
Abstract

Bioactive calcium silicate cements are widely used to induce mineralization, to cement prosthetic parts, in the management of tooth perforations, and other areas. Nonetheless, they can present clinical disadvantages, such as long setting time and modest physico-mechanical properties. The objective of this work was to evaluate the potential of graphene nanosheets (GNS) to improve two bioactive cements. GNS were obtained via reduction of graphite oxide. GNS were mixed (1, 3, 5, and 7 wt %) with Biodentine (BIO) and Endocem Zr (ECZ), and the effects on setting time, hardness, push-out strength, pH profile, cell proliferation, and mineralization were evaluated. Statistics were performed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey test ( = 0.05). GNS has not interfered in the composition of the set cements as confirmed by Raman, FT-IR and XRD. GNS (1 and 3 wt %) shortened the setting time, increased hardness of both materials but decreased significantly the push-out strength of ECZ. pH was not affected but 1 wt % and 7 wt % to ECZ and 5 wt % to BIO increased the mineralization compared to the controls. In summary, GNS may be an alternative to improve the physico-mechanical properties and bioactivity of cements. Nonetheless, the use of GNS may not be advised for all materials when effective bonding is a concern.

DOI10.3390/ma10060606

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