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"Electron/Ion Sponge"-Like V-Based Polyoxometalate: Toward High-Performance Cathode for Rechargeable Sodium Ion Batteries

Title"Electron/Ion Sponge"-Like V-Based Polyoxometalate: Toward High-Performance Cathode for Rechargeable Sodium Ion Batteries
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsLiu, Jilei, Chen Zhen, Chen Shi, Zhang Bowei, Wang Jin, Wang Huanhuan, Tian Bingbing, Chen Minghua, Fan Xiaofeng, Huang Yizhong, Sum Tze Chien, Lin Jianyi, and Shen Ze Xiang
JournalACS Nano
Volume11
Pagination6911–6920
Date Published07/2017
ISSN1936-0851
Keywordscycling performance, electrochemical performance, first principle calculation, intercalation, lithium battery, mechanism, molecular cluster batteries, na batteries, polyoxometalates, sodium ion battery, sponge, total-energy calculations, vanadium-oxide, wave basis-set
Abstract

One key challenge facing room temperature Na-ion batteries lies in identifying earth-abundant, environmentally friendly and safe materials that can provide efficient Na+ storage sites in Na-ion batteries. Herein, we report such a material, polyoxometalate Na2H8[MnV13O38] (NMV), with entirely different composition and structure from those cathode compounds reported before. Ex-situ XPS and FTIR analyses reveal that NMV cathode behaves like an "electron/Na-ion sponge", with 11 electrons/Na+ acceptability per mole, which has a decisive contribution to the high capacity. The extraordinary structural features, evidenced by X-ray crystallographic analysis, of Na2H8[MnV13O38] with a flexible 2D lamellar network and 1D open channels provide diverse Na ion migration pathways, yielding good rate capability. First-principle calculations demonstrate that a super-reduced state, [MnV13O38](20-), is formed with slightly expanded size (ca. 7.5%) upon Na+ insertion compared to the original [MnV13O38](9-). This "ion sponge" feature ensures the good cycling stability. Consequently, benefiting from the combinations of "electron/ion sponge" with diverse Na+ diffusion channels, when revealed as the cathode materials for Na-ion batteries, Na2H8[MnV13O38]/G exhibits a high specific capacity (ca. 190 mA h/g at 0.1 C), associates with a good rate capability (130 mA h/g at 1 C), and a good capacity retention (81% at 0.2 C). Our results promote better understanding of the storage mechanism in polyoxometalate host, enrich the existing rechargeable SIBs cathode chemistry, and enlighten an exciting direction for exploring promising cathode materials for Na-ion batteries.

DOI10.1021/acsnano.7b02062

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